I’m working on a health & medical multi-part question and need guidance to help me learn.
The nursing process is a tool that puts knowledge into practice. By utilizing this systematic problem-solving method, nurses can determine the health care needs of an individual and provide personalized care.
Write a paper on cancer and approach to care based on the utilization of the nursing process. Include the following in your paper:
- Discuss what factors contribute to the yearly incidence and mortality rates of various cancers in Americans.
- Explain what the American Cancer Society (ACS) might provide for education and support. What ACS services could a nurse recommend for these patients and why?
- Explain how the nursing process is utilized to provide safe and effective care for cancer patients across the life span.
- How does an interdisciplinary research approach (which includes liberal arts, science studies, mathematics, social and physical sciences), build on the foundational nursing knowledge related to cancer research?
Expert Solution Preview
Cancer is a complex disease that affects millions of Americans each year. As medical college students, it is essential to understand the importance of utilizing the nursing process in providing care for cancer patients. In this paper, we will discuss various factors contributing to the incidence and mortality rates of different cancers in Americans, explore the role of the American Cancer Society (ACS) in education and support, analyze the application of the nursing process in caring for cancer patients across the lifespan, and highlight the interdisciplinary research approach in cancer research.
Several factors contribute to the yearly incidence and mortality rates of various cancers in Americans. These factors include genetic predisposition, environmental exposures (such as tobacco smoke, radiation, and occupational hazards), lifestyle choices (such as poor diet, lack of physical activity, and excessive alcohol consumption), and age. Different types of cancers may have specific risk factors, such as breast cancer being more common in women and prostate cancer being more common in men. Additionally, advancements in diagnostic technologies and increased awareness may also lead to higher detection rates, resulting in increased incidence rates.
The American Cancer Society (ACS) plays a crucial role in providing education and support to cancer patients. The ACS offers various services, including educational programs on cancer prevention, screening guidelines, treatment options, and survivorship care. Nurses can recommend these services to patients to enhance their understanding of cancer, empower them to make informed decisions about their care, and provide emotional support through support groups and counseling services offered by the ACS. The ACS also provides resources for patients to navigate the complex healthcare system, financial assistance programs, and educational materials for both patients and their families.
The nursing process is integral in providing safe and effective care for cancer patients across the life span. It consists of five essential steps: assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation. During the assessment phase, nurses gather comprehensive data about the patient’s physical, psychosocial, and spiritual health. This information helps in identifying actual and potential health problems. The next step involves nursing diagnosis, where nurses interpret and analyze the collected data to identify specific nursing problems and formulate nursing diagnoses related to cancer and its treatment.
In the planning phase, nurses collaborate with the patient, their family, and the interdisciplinary healthcare team to establish measurable goals and develop an individualized care plan. The implementation phase involves carrying out the planned interventions, which may include administering medications, providing symptom management, coordinating referrals to other healthcare professionals, and providing emotional support. Finally, the evaluation phase involves assessing the patient’s response to interventions and modifying the care plan as needed to achieve optimal outcomes. The nursing process ensures holistic, patient-centered care for cancer patients, aiming to improve their quality of life and overall well-being.
An interdisciplinary research approach that encompasses liberal arts, science studies, mathematics, and social and physical sciences builds upon the foundational nursing knowledge related to cancer research. Nursing research often collaborates with other disciplines to gain a comprehensive understanding of cancer etiology, treatment modalities, and survivorship care. For example, interdisciplinary research may involve studying the social determinants of health in cancer populations, analyzing the impact of various cultural practices on cancer prevention and treatment outcomes, exploring mathematical models to predict disease progression, and investigating the use of novel scientific technologies in cancer diagnosis and treatment.
By integrating knowledge from various disciplines, nursing researchers can address complex research questions and develop innovative strategies for cancer prevention, treatment, and palliative care. This interdisciplinary approach enhances the validity and applicability of research findings, promotes evidence-based practice, and contributes to the advancement of nursing knowledge in the field of cancer research.