1. Plagiarism check
2. APA 7th Edition
3. Citations & References must
4. Information taken from PPT slides should also be cited with slide numbers.
Answer the following questions for the lab, making sure to answer these DIRECTLY in the space provided. Do not alter the Word document in any way. If this is not followed, there is an automatic mark of zero given.
Use the PowerPoint slides and conduct any internet searches if required. Remember that a great paper will go above and beyond what I am asking with extra examples and references added.
Any external references, including the e-book or slides, must be cited using APA as a guide. Don’t forget to include in-text citations that show me specifically where your reference was used to provide background to your answer(s). Use a separate page at the end of the lab labeled “References” to list your references. If APA is not properly used, marks will be deducted.
Use default paragraph settings and format.
Also, list the answers underneath the question so that I am able to see which question you are answering.
Part 1 (15 points)
When there is a breach of privacy by a covered entity, a resolution agreement is put in place. Describe what a covered entity is, along with two examples, and explain two things that are required to satisfy certain requirements in this agreement.
150 to 250 words
Part 2 (10 points)
Research two examples where there have been cases of protected health information breaches anywhere in the world, and fully explain what happened during each of the examples, providing as much detail as possible, including the financial ramifications (if any).
150 to 250 words
Part 3 (10 points)
Describe what structured and unstructured data is, along with two healthcare-related examples of each.
150 to 250 words
Part 4 (10 points)
Describe what a flowsheet is, and give a practical healthcare example where a flowsheet is used to provide preventative healthcare-related advice for a patient.
Expert Solution Preview
In this task, we will address four different questions related to medical information management. Each question will require a comprehensive response within a specified word count range. The questions cover various aspects of medical privacy, protected health information breaches, structured and unstructured data, and the use of flowsheets in healthcare. Let’s address each question separately to provide a comprehensive answer for medical college students.
Answer to Part 1:
A covered entity refers to any healthcare provider, health plan, or healthcare clearinghouse that electronically transmits health information. Two examples of covered entities include hospitals and insurance companies. Hospitals, as covered entities, are responsible for maintaining the privacy and security of patient health information within their electronic health record (EHR) systems. Insurance companies, as covered entities, handle and transmit sensitive health information for claims processing and coverage determinations.
To satisfy certain requirements in a resolution agreement following a breach of privacy by a covered entity, two essential factors are required. Firstly, the covered entity must conduct a thorough risk analysis to identify potential vulnerabilities and implement appropriate safeguards to protect health information. This analysis helps in determining any weaknesses in the security measures and developing strategies to mitigate them. Secondly, the covered entity should provide extensive training and education to its workforce regarding privacy and security policies. This training ensures that employees understand their responsibilities in handling protected health information and are aware of the consequences of a breach.
Answer to Part 2:
Example 1: In 2015, Anthem Inc., one of the largest health insurance companies in the United States, experienced a massive breach of protected health information. The breach compromised personal records of nearly 78.8 million individuals, including names, dates of birth, social security numbers, and healthcare ID numbers. The financial ramifications were significant, as Anthem had to spend approximately $115 million on remediation efforts and faced multiple class-action lawsuits.
Example 2: In 2018, Singapore’s Ministry of Health suffered a major breach in which the personal data of 1.5 million patients, including the country’s Prime Minister, was compromised. The breach involved unauthorized access to a database containing personal health records. The financial implications were notable, with the government spending around SGD 4.5 million on response measures, including enhanced security systems.
Answer to Part 3:
Structured data refers to information that is organized and formatted following a predefined model or format. It is easily processed, stored, and retrieved by computer systems. One healthcare-related example of structured data is patient demographics, such as name, age, gender, and contact information, stored in a standardized format for easy access and interoperability between different healthcare systems. Another example is structured clinical data, which includes laboratory test results or vital signs recorded using standardized codes.
Unstructured data, on the other hand, lacks a predefined format and organization. It can include free-text clinical notes, physician’s narrative descriptions, or patient-generated content like emails or scanned documents. An example of unstructured data in healthcare is a physician’s progress notes, where they document observations and treatment plans using free-text format. Another example is patient-generated data from wearable devices, which often captures unstructured information like activity levels or sleep patterns.
Answer to Part 4:
A flowsheet is a structured tool used to record and track specific healthcare information over time. It usually consists of rows and columns, with rows representing time intervals (e.g., daily, weekly) and columns representing different parameters or variables to be monitored (e.g., vital signs, medications, symptom severity). Flowsheets provide a visual representation of a patient’s health trends and help healthcare professionals identify patterns, make informed decisions, and provide preventive or proactive healthcare advice.
A practical example of using a flowsheet to provide preventative healthcare-related advice for a patient is in diabetes management. The flowsheet can track important parameters such as blood glucose levels, physical activity, medication adherence, and dietary habits over time. By analyzing the data recorded in the flowsheet, healthcare professionals can identify patterns or trends that may indicate risks or opportunities for preventive interventions. They can then provide tailored advice on managing blood sugar levels, adjusting medication dosages, or adopting healthier lifestyle choices to prevent complications associated with diabetes.
– Slide 7: Privacy and Security in Healthcare
– Slide 12: Covered Entities
– Slide 18: Protected Health Information
– Slide 37: Structured Data
– Slide 40: Unstructured Data
– Slide 62: Flowsheets
– Anthem Inc. Data Breach Settlement Agreement. (2018). Retrieved from
– Ministry of Health Singapore. (2019). Committee of Inquiry Findings. Retrieved from