Description Please follow the instructions carefully and answer all the items. Only cite references from the articles and readings. All return assignments are check for plagiarism prior to releasing payment. Please complete the reading listed below before answering the questions. Make sure you have the textbook: Globalization and Diversity (5th Edition): (Rowntree, Lewis, Price & Wyckoff) Hoboken, NJ: Pearson. 2017. The other articles are attached, please download from the additional file section on the order page. 1. Chapter 7 Pg. 220 – 238* Stop at “Geopolitical Framework: Never-Ending Tensions” Globalization and Diversity (5th Edition): (Rowntree, Lewis, Price & Wyckoff) Hoboken, NJ: Pearson. 2017. 2. The Economist – What is the Difference Between Sunni and Shia Muslims? (Article Attached) 3. New York Times – Why Pope Francis’ Historic Visit to the Gulf Matters https://www.nytimes.com/2019/02/03/world/middleeast/pope-gulf-christians.html 4. The Economist – How Silicon Makes Israel’s Desert Bloom (Article Attached) Please answer the following questions: 1. Why is “Southwest Asia and North Africa” a more appropriate term to use for this world region instead of “The Middle East”? What are some problems with defining the region? 2. What are five important human modifications of the Southwest Asian and North African environment? Discuss how each of these changes have benefited or adversely impacted the region. 3. Discuss how pastoral nomadism, oasis agriculture, and dryland wheat farming represent distinctive adaptations to the regional environments of Southwest Asia and North Africa. How do these rural lifestyles create distinctive patterns of settlement? 4. Describe the distinctive contributions of (a) Islam, (b) European colonialism, and (c) recent globalization to the region’s urban landscape. 5. Summarize the key patterns and drivers of migration into and out of the region. 6. Describe the key characteristics of Islam, and explain why distinctive Sunni and Shiite branches exist today. 7. Compare the modern maps of religion and language for the region, and identify three major non-Arabic-speaking areas where Islam dominates. Explain why that is the case. 8. The Economist article “How Silicon Makes Israel’s Desert Bloom” discusses the rise of Israel’s agritech industry. This industry, which utilizes cutting-edge technology (including artificial intelligence and geospatial imagery analysis) to improve agricultural output is particularly important to Israel more than other nations. As the article states, Israel’s agritech sector is the 2nd largest in the world (U.S. is ranked #1) and in order to be successful, Israel’s agritech sector must rely on significant investments from other nations. According to the article, how has Israel’s geography contributed to Israel playing such a significant role in the argitech sector? 9. The New York Times article “Why Pope Francis’ Historic Visit to the Gulf Matters” discusses the implications of the recent visit of Pope Francis to the United Arab Emirates (UAE). According to the article, this was the first modern era visit by a Catholic Pope to the Persian Gulf region. Why was the visit by Pope Francis to UAE considered to be so important and why was UAE chosen to be the first nation in the region to receive Pope Francis on an official visit?