Read Chapters 2 & 3
1.Discuss the differences between a leader and a manager.
2. Which is more important, working for an effective leader or an effective manager? Explain your answer.
3. Observe the nurse manager in a unit to which students have been assigned. What management style is displayed? How does the staff respond to this style
4. What qualities do you think are most important to be a good nurse manager?
1. Interview the nurse manager on your assignment unit. What interpersonal, decisional, and informational activities does he or she complete on a daily basis?
2. You are the nurse manager on your unit. One of the most experienced staffers has been out on sick leave, and another just had a baby. The rest of the staff are working very hard to pick up the slack to avoid using agency personnel. What tangible and intangible rewards might you use to thank the staff?
3. PART 1: Begin by writing a 50-word description of the ideal nurse manger, someone you would like to work for. Describe a real-life nurse manager whom you have encountered in one of your clinical rotations. What qualities of this person meet your ideal? In what ways does this individual not meet your ideal? (Reminder: nobody’s perfect.)
PART 2: Think about becoming an ideal manager yourself. What qualities of an ideal manager do you already possess? What qualities do you still need to develop? How will you accomplish this?
1. Find your own state’s requirements for informed consent. Do elective procedures and emergency situations use the same standard?
2. Obtain a copy of your state’s Nurse Practice Act. Does the act give adequate guidance for nurses to know if an action is within the scope of nursing practice?
1. Explain how the Nurse Practice Act in your state provides for consumer protection and for professional nursing progress.
2. What are your thoughts on multistate licensure? How does it strengthen and weaken professional nursing?
3. As a new nurse, how can you ensure confidentiality in clinical settings?
4. How can nurses safeguard the confidentiality of medical information when sending it by fax or e-mail?
5. Explain the role of the nurse in obtaining informed consent. Do you believe that this is within the scope of nursing practice? Explain your answer.
6. Should nurses carry malpractice insurance? Explain your answer.
7. Should all patients have advance directives? Explain your answer.
8. Should employers be permitted to require nurses to work overtime if there is a shortage of registered nursing staff on a unit? Support your answer with evidence from the literature.
Expert Solution Preview
Introduction: In the medical field, being a good leader and a good manager are both important aspects to ensure efficient and effective healthcare delivery. As a medical professor, it is crucial to teach medical college students the differences between a leader and a manager, the qualities required to be a good nurse manager, the importance of informed consent, and the role of a nurse in obtaining informed consent.
1. The differences between a leader and a manager are significant. A manager is responsible for ensuring that the work is done correctly, while a leader is responsible for inspiring and motivating their team to do their work effectively. A manager makes decisions based on analytical and logical processes, whereas a leader is more intuitive and emotional in their decision-making process. In summary, a leader focuses on people, while a manager focuses on work.
2. As both an effective leader and an effective manager are critical, it is tough to choose which one is more important. However, the importance of working for an effective leader is slightly more since a leader can inspire employees to work beyond their capacity and capability. Whereas, an effective manager can only ensure that the work is completed within the given time frame.
3. The management style displayed by the nurse manager in the unit is democratic. The staff responds well to this style, as it ensures their opinion is heard, and they feel included in the decision-making process.
4. The most important qualities required to be a good nurse manager are excellent communication skills, strong leadership skills, conflict resolution skills, and the ability to motivate and inspire staff members. A good nurse manager must also have a knack for problem-solving, delegation and be approachable to staff members.
5. The interpersonal activities that a nurse manager completes on a daily basis are communication with staff and patients, providing emotional support to staff members, and collaborating with other healthcare providers. The Decisional activities are related to decision-making processes, such as patient care management, staff scheduling, and budgetary decisions. Informational activities include keeping the staff informed about the changes in the unit, updating staff members on policies and procedures, and patient care updates.
6. The tangible rewards that can be used to thank the staff include bonuses, gifts, certificates, and recognitions, while intangible rewards include holding staff retreats, flex time, providing a good working environment, and providing opportunities for personal and professional growth.
7. The ideal nurse manager is someone who is approachable, empathetic, and open-minded, a good listener and effective communicator, with excellent leadership and conflict resolution skills. One real-life nurse manager I encountered met my ideal in most ways, except she was sometimes too strict with her policies and did not communicate effectively with staff members.
8. To become an ideal manager, I possess some critical qualities such as communication skills, leadership, and conflict resolution skills. However, I still need to develop delegation and problem-solving skills, and I can accomplish this through attending management courses and seeking mentorship from more experienced nurse leaders.
9. Yes, the Nurse Practice Act in my state provides for consumer protection and nursing progress by outlining the standard of care required by healthcare providers and protecting healthcare consumers from fraudulent or harmful practices.
10. Multistate licensure strengthens professional nursing by enabling nurses to practice across state borders and increasing their job opportunities. Still, it weakens professional nursing by lowering the standard of licensing and potentially diluting the quality of nursing care.
11. As a new nurse, confidentiality can be ensured in clinical settings by keeping patient information confidentially secured, avoiding discussing patient information in public, and using only secure methods of communication.
12. Nurses can safeguard medical information confidentiality by using encrypted email, password-protected electronic records, and faxing only when it is secure to do so.
13. The role of a nurse in obtaining informed consent is to explain the procedure or treatment, the potential risks and benefits, and any other suitable alternatives to the patient, answering questions about the procedure, and recording the patient’s informed consent. Obtaining informed consent is within the scope of nursing practice, as nurses are responsible for ensuring patient safety and obtaining informed consent is an essential part of that responsibility.
14. Yes, nurses should carry malpractice insurance as it provides protection against any legal implications that may arise from the patient’s medical care.
15. Advance directives are legal documents outlining a person’s healthcare preferences, such as their end-of-life care wishes. All patients should have advance directives as it allows their healthcare providers to ensure that their preferences are being respected and that the patients are receiving the type of care they wish to receive.
16. No, employers should not be permitted to require nurses to work overtime if there is a shortage of registered nursing staff on a unit, as mandatory overtime can lead to nurse burnout, decreased job satisfaction, and patient safety concerns. Rather, employers should focus on recruiting more nursing staff to fill the shortage.
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